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An Agreement to Sell, also known as an Agreement for Sale, is a legal contract used in India to set out the terms for selling a property in the future. It’s a crucial document in real estate deals and comes before the final step, which is the Sale Deed that transfers property ownership.

This document is crucial for both the buyer and seller because it provides legal protection and clarity about the property deal. It’s best to ensure everything is done correctly and protect both sides and that’s where eSahayak comes into the picture and helps you in drafting a legally sound agreement to sell online.

Key Points to Cover in Your Agreement to Sell

  1. Intent to Sell: This agreement shows that the seller wants to sell the property, and the buyer wants to buy it. It’s like a handshake before the actual sale.
  2. Property Description: The document must describe the property in detail, including its location, boundaries, and unique features.
  3. Price and Payment Terms: It should mention the property’s price and how the buyer will pay for it, including any initial payments.
  4. Possession and Transfer: The agreement states when the buyer will get the property and when ownership officially changes.
  5. Title and Ownership: The seller promises they legally own the property and that there are no legal issues.
  6. Legal Compliance: It might mention that the seller will follow local laws and get necessary approvals.
  7. Due Diligence and Inspection: The buyer gets a chance to check the property before finalizing the deal.
  8. Default and Termination: The document explains what happens if either party doesn’t meet their obligations.
  9. Indemnification and Warranty: It can include promises by the seller to compensate the buyer for any losses due to misrepresentations or breaches.
  10. Government Stamps and Registration: To make it legally binding, the agreement must be signed on special paper and registered with local authorities.
  11. Dispute Resolution: It mentions how disagreements will be resolved, like going to court or using arbitration.
  12. Confidentiality and Amendments: It could include keeping things private and how changes to the agreement can happen.

Is Agreement to Sell and Sale Deed the same?

An Agreement to Sell is like a promise to sell a property in the future. It outlines the terms and conditions, such as the price and payment schedule, for a potential sale. However, it does not transfer ownership. On the other hand, a Sale Deed is the actual document that transfers ownership of the property from the seller to the buyer. It’s the final step in the process and is registered with the authorities to legally confirm the change of ownership. In short, the Agreement to Sell sets the stage for a sale, while the Sale Deed completes the sale, making it official.

AspectAgreement to SellSale Deed
Nature of DocumentPreliminary contract or agreementFinal and conclusive document
PurposeOutlines terms for a future saleTransfers ownership of the property
Legal StatusCreates an obligation to sellConveys ownership and title
Execution TimeExecuted before the actual saleExecuted at the time of property transfer
Property OwnershipThe seller retains ownership until the saleTransfers ownership to the buyer
Transfer of TitleDoes not transfer title or ownershipEffectively transfers title and ownership
Payment of Stamp DutyTypically lower as it’s not a conveyance deedTypically higher as it’s a conveyance deed
RegistrationOptional but advisable for legal protectionMandatory for legal validity and protection
EnforceabilityEnforceable for specific performanceEnforceable as evidence of ownership
ExampleSuppose Mr. A agrees to sell his house to Mr. B for Rs. 1 crore in three months. They sign an Agreement to Sell, which outlines the terms of the sale, payment schedule, and other conditions. The actual transfer of ownership will occur later when they execute a Sale Deed.After the three-month period specified in the Agreement to Sell has passed, Mr. A and Mr. B decide to complete the sale. They sign a Sale Deed, which formally transfers ownership of the house to Mr. B, and this document is registered with the local authorities.
Difference between agreement to sell and sale deed

Is Agreement to Sell legally binding?

Yes, an Agreement to Sell is legally binding in India. When you and the other party sign this agreement, it means you’re making a legal promise to buy or sell a property following the terms mentioned in the agreement.

However, keep in mind that it’s not the final step in the process. It’s more like a prelude to the main act. The actual transfer of property ownership happens later when you sign the Sale Deed.

But don’t take the Agreement to Sell lightly. It’s a serious commitment, and both parties need to follow through on what they’ve agreed upon. To make it official and legally valid, it’s essential to get it stamped and registered as per local regulations. That way, it’s not just a piece of paper; it’s a legally recognized document that protects both the buyer and the seller.

Tips to Avoid Mistakes When Drafting an Agreement to Sell

  1. Get Legal Advice: Always consult with legal experts to make sure your agreement follows the law.
  2. Use Templates: Consider using templates designed for property agreements, like those from eSahayak, to avoid errors.
  3. Know Local Rules: Understand the property laws in your area, which can vary across regions in India.
  4. Be Clear: Describe the property and payment terms clearly to prevent misunderstandings.
  5. Check Ownership: Make sure the seller owns the property without any issues.
  6. Include Due Diligence: Let the buyer inspect the property before finalizing the deal.
  7. Plan for Defaults: Outline what happens if one side doesn’t meet their obligations.
  8. Follow Legal Rules: Register the agreement and pay any required fees.
  9. Resolve Disputes: Include how disputes will be resolved to avoid expensive legal battles.
  10. Keep It Simple: Use plain language that both parties can understand, avoiding complicated legal terms.
  11. Keep Copies: Save copies of the agreement to prevent issues in case of disputes.

By following these tips and using templates designed for Indian property deals, you can make sure your Agreement to Sell is error-free and compliant with the law, protecting both the buyer and seller.

Conclusion: Making Your Property Deal Safe and Smooth

In the world of real estate, an Agreement to Sell is like the starting point of a journey. It’s where you and the other party agree on how a property sale will work. It might sound like a lot of legal stuff, but it’s actually your ticket to a hassle-free property deal in India.

This document is like your roadmap. It tells you where you’re going, how much you’re paying, and when you’ll get the keys to your new place. But it’s not just paperwork; it’s your safety net. It stops misunderstandings, legal headaches, and nasty surprises.

Whether you’re the buyer or the seller, the Agreement to Sell has your back. It’s your guardian angel against confusion and arguments. And it’s not a one-size-fits-all thing. It needs to be tailored to your deal and where you are, which is where handy templates like the ones from eSahayak come in.

So, when you’re diving into the world of buying or selling property in India, remember your Agreement to Sell is like your trusted guide. It’s there to protect you, make things crystal clear, and set you up for a successful property deal. It’s like your first step toward your new home, safe and sound.